This page is intended to provide some basic background about development nits and the maintenance of the developer site.
The Apache HTTP Server Project uses Subversion for hosting its source code.
To check out the 2.4.x branch:
svn checkout https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/branches/2.4.x httpd-2.4.x
To check out the current development version (as of this writing, 2.5.x), use:
svn checkout https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/trunk httpd-trunk
Committers should check out via https instead of http (so that they can commit their changes). For more info about Subversion, please read the ASF version control FAQ.
The developers continue to seek to maintain module compatibility between 2.4.1 and future 2.4 releases for administrators and end users.
Almost all files relating to Apache, both the actual sources and the files that aren't part of the distribution, are now maintained in an SVN repository. Here is the way in which changes are applied:
Developer checks out a copy of the files on which they want to work (in this case, the trunk), into a private working directory called httpd-trunk:
% svn checkout https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/trunk httpd-trunk
This step only needs to be performed once (unless the private working directory is tainted or deleted). Committers should use a URL prefix of https on the checkout, to save themselves headaches later.
Developer keeps their working directory synchronised with changes made to the repository:
% svn update httpd-trunk
This should probably be done daily or even more frequently during periods of high activity.
Developer makes changes to their working copies, makes sure they work, and generates a patch so others can apply the changes to test them:
% svn diff httpd-trunk/modules/http/mod_mime.c > /tmp/foo
The /tmp/foo file is mailed to the developers list so they can consider the value/validity of the patch. It is worth making sure your code follows the Apache style, as described in the style guide.
Once other developers have agreed that the change is a Good Thing, the developer checks the changes into the repository:
% svn commit httpd-trunk/modules/http/mod_mime.c
There are several different branches under the httpd subtree in the Apache SVN repository that pertain to the different releases. The top level can be perused with the SVN ViewCVS pages. The main subtrees pertaining to the httpd server source are:
To create a directory tree containing the 2.4 sources, and call it httpd-2.4, change your current directory to the parent of the tree and then check the 2.4 sources out as follows:
% cd /usr/local/apache % svn checkout https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/branches/2.4.x httpd-2.4
If you want to check out the bleeding edge of development, the httpd-2.5 development tree (slated for a release 2.6), and call it httpd-trunk, checkout as follows:
% cd /usr/local/apache % svn checkout https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/trunk httpd-trunk
The website used to be hosted at https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/site/.
It is now hosted on GitHub at https://github.com/apache/httpd-site/.
The website pages use the Markdown syntax and when a change is commited in this repository, the corresponding HTML files are automatically generated and copied on /.
Like the httpd-site subtree, this one is used to maintain the files that comprise a website - in this case, https://downloads.apache.org/httpd/. Also like the previous subtree, the directory on the server is a checked-out working copy of this subtree. However, since this is a distribution directory, we only have the surrounding documentation and control files checked into this subtree -- the actual tarballs are simply copied to www.apache.org.
The SVN URL is https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/httpd/httpd/dist.
Committers will generally deal with this subtree when "rolling" a release. This is a series of steps taken to create a complete new release of the Apache httpd software. Amongst other things, the key to this subtree is the tools/ directory, which contains the release.sh shell script. More information on the policies and procedures relating to rolling releases can be found on the Release Guidelines page.
A brief overview of getting started with SVN committer access can be found here. One key change to note is that SSH is not used anymore for committer access, due to the functional differences with SVN.
Our project is read-only mirrored by GitHub, and users contributors occasionally open pull requests there. We cannot directly accept/close pull requests, but we can comment/review and then commit the patches. The commit message can contain the phrase "this closes #X" where X is the pull request number which will be prominent in the interface.
An example revision that closes a pull request is https://svn.apache.org/viewvc?view=revision&revision=1780308
GitHub Actions CI services are used.
This service allows us to automatically build httpd on different processors, OS, with different gcc vesions, with different library versions and with different configurations. On successul built, our Perl test framework is also automatically executed.
All this is executed for each commit.
The goal is to spot early new build issues and regression.
Should a committer want to commit something, without triggering the whole process (doc change or STATUS update for example), he can add the magic "[skip ci]" keyword as part of the commit message.
Here are the latest built results.